The irish potato famine was a taxing event in irish history that claimed millions of casualties often referred to as the greatest disaster to have struck ireland, the direct cause of the famine was due to the potato blight that ruined many harvests and driving the irish population into hunger. It is sometimes referred to, mostly outside ireland, as the irish potato famine because one-third of the population was then solely reliant on this cheap crop for a number of historical reasons. The blight begins: part 3 of 8 at the history place the famine began quite mysteriously in september 1845 as leaves on potato plants suddenly turned black and curled, then rotted, seemingly the result of a fog that had wafted across the fields of ireland. Read here about the causes of the irish potato famine, about facts about the reality of the potato famine, about how the government mismanaged the great famine worsening the crisis, about how the famine changed ireland, and finally about how it triggered the murder of landlords. The irish potato famine is also referred to as the great hunger, a period of mass death from starvation and disease between 1845 and 1852this exhibition tells the story of what happened and why.
The great famine (irish: an gorta mór, [anˠ ˈgɔɾˠt̪ˠa mˠoːɾˠ]) or the great hunger was a period of mass starvation, disease, and emigration in ireland between 1845 and 1849. #4 potato blight was the primary reason behind the great famine a potato disease commonly known as potato blight destroyed potato crops across europe which led to the irish potato famine in 1845 from one-thirds to half of the cultivated potato crop were lost in ireland. Population changes in ireland from 1841 to 1851, including those resulting from the irish potato famine encyclopædia britannica, inc the most common human cause of famine is warfare.
It was a continuation of the punitive mentality toward the irish left ireland entirely dependent upon itself for relief and perhaps most importantly, a financially ruined ireland would be compelled to abandon the treacherous potato once and for all. The irish famine was without doubt the worst humanitarian crisis to hit the victorian world over a million people starved to death whilst two million more fled the irish shores forever creating the beginnings of the huge irish diasporas which still exist in today north america, canada, australia and also, of course, london. The crisis that began in 1845 was not ireland's first potato famine an 1851 census reported that the potato crop had failed in some degree at least 24 times since 1739 (woodham-smith, p 38) every summer more than two million people went hungry until the new crop came in (woodham-smith, p 165. The irish potato famine left as its legacy deep and lasting feelings of bitterness and distrust toward the british far from being a natural disaster, many irish were convinced that the famine was a direct outgrowth of british colonial policies.
The irish famine queen is not believed to have had much interest in coming to the aid of her starving irish subjects despite making a £2,000 donation. The potato crisis caused an increase in grain prices, resulting in smaller and smaller loaves of bread for the old price michael drake, the irish demographic. The great irish potato famine by james donnelly (sutton publishing, 2002) places to visit pay a visit to the irish labour history museum - articles, journals and resources relating to past and. The great famine was a disaster that hit ireland between 1845 and about 1851, causing the deaths of about 1 million people and the flight or emigration of up to 25 million more over the course of about six years the short term cause of the great famine was the failure of the potato crop. British prime minister tony blair apologized for doing too little in response to the irish potato famine of the 19th century that killed one million people and brought about the emigration of millions more.
Once the potato crop got diseased, the british government sent 100,000 soldiers to forcibly rob all the food from the irish the potato famine was basically a smaller scale manufactured famine like those that stalin and mao caused. The humble potato's role in mass starvation it was an ecological catastrophe almost unparalleled in modern history in 1843 a new strain of potato blight appeared on america's eastern seaboard. The financial crisis in ireland of 2008-2011 describes the dramatic turn in the irish economy: from a profitable boom to a nationwide recession the country is currently experiencing, in 2011, major austerity measures, cut backs in salaries and jobs, and raising unemployment. Great famine, also called irish potato famine, great irish famine, or famine of 1845-49, famine that occurred in ireland in 1845-49 when the potato crop failed in successive years the crop failures were caused by late blight , a disease that destroys both the leaves and the edible roots , or tubers , of the potato plant.
Listen to the mp3 audio version of this commentary british prime minister tony blair apologized for doing too little in response to the irish potato famine of the 19th century that killed one million people and brought about the emigration of millions more. What was the irish potato famine believing that the crisis was simply nature's corrective to high birth rates and overpopulation, or that the irish national character was to blame. The irish planted only potatoes this is basically the smoking gun part of the irish famine the irish, we were taught, in the 1800's, were so enthusiastic about potatoes, and so silly, that they planted nothing but potatoes and ate a diet almost exclusively of potatoes. When america despised the irish: the 19th century's refugee crisis more than 150 years ago, it was the irish who were refugees forced into exile by a humanitarian and political disaster.